Scientific Studies

Meal Replacement

Effect of high-protein meal replacement on weight and cardiometabolic profile in overweight/obese Asian Indians in North India. Gulati S, Misra A, Tiwari R, Sharma M, Pandey RM, Yadav CP.Br J Nutr. 2017 Jun;117(11):1531-1540. doi: 10.1017/S0007114517001295. Epub 2017 Jun 27.

The Effect of Protein-Enriched Meal Replacement on Waist Circumference Reduction among Overweight and Obese Chinese with Hyperlipidemia. Chen W, Liu Y, Yang Q, Li X, Yang J, Wang J, Shi L, Chen Y, Zhu S.J Am Coll Nutr. 2016;35(3):236-44. doi: 10.1080/07315724.2014.989625. Epub 2015 Dec 9.

A calorie-restriction diet supplemented with fish oil and high-protein powder is associated with reduced severity of metabolic syndrome in obese women. Su HY, Lee HC, Cheng WY, Huang SY Eur J Clin Nutr. 2015 Mar;69(3):322-8. doi: 10.1038/ejcn.2014.196. Epub 2014 Sep 24.

A meal replacement regimen improves blood glucose levels in prediabetic healthy individuals with impaired fasting glucose. König D, Kookhan S, Schaffner D, Deibert P, Berg A.Nutrition. 2014 Nov-Dec;30(11-12):1306-9. doi: 10.1016/j.nut.2014.03.014. Epub 2014 Mar 31.

Impact of eating and drinking on body composition measurements by bioelectrical impedance. Androutsos O, Gerasimidis K, Karanikolou A, Reilly JJ, Edwards CA.J Hum Nutr Diet. 2015 Apr;28(2):165-71. doi: 10.1111/jhn.12259. Epub 2014 Aug 26.

Meal replacement reduces insulin requirement, HbA1c and weight long-term in type 2 diabetes patients with >100 U insulin per day. Kempf K, Schloot NC, Gärtner B, Keil R, Schadewaldt P, Martin S.J Hum Nutr Diet. 2014 Apr;27 Suppl 2:21-7. doi: 10.1111/jhn.12145. Epub 2013 Aug 2.

Beneficial effects of a high-protein, low-glycemic-load hypocaloric diet in overweight and obese women with polycystic ovary syndrome: a randomized controlled intervention study. Mehrabani HH, Salehpour S, Amiri Z, Farahani SJ, Meyer BJ, Tahbaz F.J Am Coll Nutr. 2012 Apr;31(2):117-25.

Protein-enriched meal replacements do not adversely affect liver, kidney or bone density: an outpatient randomized controlled trial. Li Z, Treyzon L, Chen S, Yan E, Thames G, Carpenter CL. Nutr J. 2010 Dec 31;9:72. doi: 10.1186/1475-2891-9-72.

Enhanced weight loss with protein-enriched meal replacements in subjects with the metabolic syndrome. Flechtner-Mors M, Boehm BO, Wittmann R, Thoma U, Ditschuneit HH. Diabetes Metab Res Rev. 2010 Jul;26(5):393-405. doi: 10.1002/dmrr.1097.

A high-protein diet with resistance exercise training improves weight loss and body composition in overweight and obese patients with type 2 diabetes. Wycherley TP, Noakes M, Clifton PM, Cleanthous X, Keogh JB, Brinkworth GD. Diabetes Care. 2010 May;33(5):969-76. doi: 10.2337/dc09-1974. Epub 2010 Feb 11.

Efficacy of low-calorie, partial meal replacement diet plans on weight and abdominal fat in obese subjects with metabolic syndrome: a double-blind, randomised controlled trial of two diet plans – one high in protein and one nutritionally balanced. Lee K, Lee J, Bae WK, Choi JK, Kim HJ, Cho B.Int J Clin Pract. 2009 Feb;63(2):195-201. doi: 10.1111/j.1742-1241.2008.01965.x. Erratum in: Int J Clin Pract. 2009 May;63(5):829.

High protein diets decrease total and abdominal fat and improve CVD risk profile in overweight and obese men and women with elevated triacylglycerol. Clifton PM, Bastiaans K, Keogh JB.Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2009 Oct;19(8):548-54. doi: 10.1016/j.numecd.2008.10.006. Epub 2009 Jan 29.

Whey Protein Superiority in Fat Loss and Muscle Maintenance

Effect of Whey Protein Supplementation on Physical Performance and Body Composition in Army Initial Entry Training Soldiers. McAdam JS, McGinnis KD, Beck DT, Haun CT, Romero MA, Mumford PW, Roberson PA, Young KC, Lohse KR, Lockwood CM, Roberts MD, Sefton JM.Nutrients. 2018 Sep 6;10(9). pii: E1248. doi: 10.3390/nu10091248.

Effects of Whey Protein Supplementation Associated With Resistance Training on Muscular Strength, Hypertrophy, and Muscle Quality in Preconditioned Older Women. Sugihara Junior P, Ribeiro AS, Nabuco HCG, Fernandes RR, Tomeleri CM, Cunha PM, Venturini D, Barbosa DS, Schoenfeld BJ, Cyrino ES.Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2018 Sep 1;28(5):528-535. doi: 10.1123/ijsnem.2017-0253. Epub 2018 Jun 22..

Whey Protein Supplementation Improves Body Composition and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Overweight and Obese Patients: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Wirunsawanya K, Upala S, Jaruvongvanich V, Sanguankeo A.J Am Coll Nutr. 2018 Jan;37(1):60-70. doi: 10.1080/07315724.2017.1344591. Epub 2017 Oct 31.

Effect of whey protein supplementation on long and short term appetite: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Mollahosseini M, Shab-Bidar S, Rahimi MH, Djafarian K.Clin Nutr ESPEN. 2017 Aug;20:34-40. doi: 10.1016/j.clnesp.2017.04.002. Epub 2017 May 8. Review.

Adding Fish Oil to Whey Protein, Leucine, and Carbohydrate Over a Six-Week Supplementation Period Attenuates Muscle Soreness Following Eccentric Exercise in Competitive Soccer Players. Philpott JD, Donnelly C, Walshe IH, MacKinley EE, Dick J, Galloway SDR, Tipton KD, Witard OC.Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2018 Jan 1;28(1):26-36. doi: 10.1123/ijsnem.2017-0161. Epub 2018 Jan 25.

High-energy breakfast based on whey protein reduces body weight, postprandial glycemia and HbA1C in Type 2 diabetes. Jakubowicz D, Wainstein J, Landau Z, Ahren B, Barnea M, Bar-Dayan Y, Froy O.J Nutr Biochem. 2017 Nov;49:1-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jnutbio.2017.07.005. Epub 2017 Jul 21.

Whey Protein Supplementation Enhances Body Fat and Weight Loss in Women Long After Bariatric Surgery: a Randomized Controlled Trial.  Lopes Gomes D, Moehlecke M, Lopes da Silva FB, Dutra ES, D’Agord Schaan B, Baiocchi de Carvalho KM.Obes Surg. 2017 Feb;27(2):424-431. doi: 10.1007/s11695-016-2308-8.

Whey protein lowers blood pressure and improves endothelial function and lipid biomarkers in adults with prehypertension and mild hypertension: results from the chronic Whey2Go randomized controlled trial. Fekete ÁA, Giromini C, Chatzidiakou Y, Givens DI, Lovegrove JA.Am J Clin Nutr. 2016 Dec;104(6):1534-1544. Epub 2016 Oct 26.

Insulinotropic Effects of Whey: Mechanisms of Action, Recent Clinical Trials, and Clinical Applications. Adams RL, Broughton KS.Ann Nutr Metab. 2016;69(1):56-63. doi: 10.1159/000448665. Epub 2016 Aug 17. Review.

Whey protein, amino acids, and vitamin D supplementation with physical activity increases fat-free mass and strength, functionality, and quality of life and decreases inflammation in sarcopenic elderly.  Rondanelli M, Klersy C, Terracol G, Talluri J, Maugeri R, Guido D, Faliva MA, Solerte BS, Fioravanti M, Lukaski H, Perna S.Am J Clin Nutr. 2016 Mar;103(3):830-40. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.115.113357. Epub 2016 Feb 10.

Whey protein supplementation preserves postprandial myofibrillar protein synthesis during short-term energy restriction in overweight and obese adults. Hector AJ, Marcotte GR, Churchward-Venne TA, Murphy CH, Breen L, von Allmen M, Baker SK, Phillips SM. J Nutr. 2015 Feb;145(2):246-52. doi: 10.3945/jn.114.200832. Epub 2014 Dec 17. Erratum in: J Nutr. 2015 Jun;145(6):1373.

Effects of whey protein and resistance exercise on body composition: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Miller PE, Alexander DD, Perez V.J Am Coll Nutr. 2014;33(2):163-75. doi: 10.1080/07315724.2013.875365.

Whey protein supplementation during resistance training augments lean body mass. Volek JS, Volk BM, Gómez AL, Kunces LJ, Kupchak BR, Freidenreich DJ, Aristizabal JC, Saenz C, Dunn-Lewis C, Ballard KD, Quann EE, Kawiecki DL, Flanagan SD, Comstock BA, Fragala MS, Earp JE, Fernandez ML, Bruno RS, Ptolemy AS, Kellogg MD, Maresh CM, Kraemer WJ.J Am Coll Nutr. 2013;32(2):122-35. doi: 10.1080/07315724.2013.793580.

The effects of whey protein on cardiometabolic risk factors. Pal S, Radavelli-Bagatini S.Obes Rev. 2013 Apr;14(4):324-43. doi: 10.1111/obr.12005. Epub 2012 Nov 20. Review.

Effects of whey protein isolate on body composition, lipids, insulin and glucose in overweight and obese individuals. Pal S, Ellis V, Dhaliwal S.Br J Nutr. 2010 Sep;104(5):716-23. doi: 10.1017/S0007114510000991. Epub 2010 Apr 9.

MetAssist

An overview of the safety and efficacy of a novel, natural(-)-hydroxycitric acid extract (HCA-SX) for weight management. Preuss HG, Rao CV, Garis R, Bramble JD, Ohia SE, Bagchi M, Bagchi D. J Med. 2004;35(1-6):33-48.

Chromium supplementation for adjuvant treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus: Results from a pooled analysis. Huang H, Chen G, Dong Y, Zhu Y, Chen H.Mol Nutr Food Res. 2018 Jan;62(1). doi: 10.1002/mnfr.201700438. Epub 2017 Aug 15..

Effects of green tea and its epigallocatechin (EGCG) content on body weight and fat mass in humans: a systematic review  Vázquez Cisneros LC, López-Uriarte P, López-Espinoza A, Navarro Meza M, Espinoza-Gallardo AC, Guzmán Aburto MB.Nutr Hosp. 2017 Jun 5;34(3):731-737. doi: 10.20960/nh.753. Review.

Chromium supplementation and polycystic ovary syndrome: A systematic review and meta-analysis.  Fazelian S, Rouhani MH, Bank SS, Amani R.J Trace Elem Med Biol. 2017 Jul;42:92-96. doi: 10.1016/j.jtemb.2017.04.008. Epub 2017 Apr 21. Review.

The Effects of Gymnema sylvestre in High-Fat Diet-Induced Metabolic Disorders. Kim HJ, Kim S, Lee AY, Jang Y, Davaadamdin O, Hong SH, Kim JS, Cho MH.Am J Chin Med. 2017;45(4):813-832. doi: 10.1142/S0192415X17500434. Epub 2017 May 18.

Effect of Gymnema sylvestre Administration on Metabolic Syndrome, Insulin Sensitivity, and Insulin Secretion.  Zuñiga LY, González-Ortiz M, Martínez-Abundis E.J Med Food. 2017 Aug;20(8):750-754. doi: 10.1089/jmf.2017.0001. Epub 2017 May 1.

Suppression of Oral Sweet Taste Sensation with Gymnema sylvestre Affects Postprandial Gastrointestinal Blood Flow and Gastric Emptying in Humans. Kashima H, Eguchi K, Miyamoto K, Fujimoto M, Endo MY, Aso-Someya N, Kobayashi T, Hayashi N, Fukuba Y.Chem Senses. 2017 May 1;42(4):295-302. doi: 10.1093/chemse/bjw126.

Gymnema sylvestre for Diabetes: From Traditional Herb to Future’s Therapeutic. Tiwari P, Ahmad K, Baig MH. Curr Pharm Des. 2017;23(11):1667-1676. doi: 10.2174/1381612823666161108162048. Review.

Effects of Greenselect Phytosome® on weight maintenance after weight loss in obese women: a randomized placebo-controlled study. Gilardini L, Pasqualinotto L, Di Pierro F, Risso P, Invitti C.BMC Complement Altern Med. 2016 Jul 22;16:233. doi: 10.1186/s12906-016-1214-x.

Chromium supplementation in patients with type 2 diabetes and high risk of type 2 diabetes: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. San Mauro-Martin I, Ruiz-León AM, Camina-Martín MA, Garicano-Vilar E, Collado-Yurrita L, Mateo-Silleras Bd, Redondo Del Río Mde P.Nutr Hosp. 2016 Feb 16;33(1):27. doi: 10.20960/nh.v33i1.27. Review. Spanish.

The Effect of Garcinia Cambogia as Coadjuvant in the Weight Loss Process. Fassina P, Scherer Adami F, Terezinha Zani V, Kasper Machado IC, Garavaglia J, Quevedo Grave MT, Ramos R, Morelo Dal Bosco S.Nutr Hosp. 2015 Dec 1;32(6):2400-8. doi: 10.3305/nh.2015.32.6.9587. Review.

Effect of Gymnema Sylvestre, Citrullus Colocynthis and Artemisia Absinthium on Blood Glucose and Lipid Profile in Diabetic Human.  Li Y, Zheng M, Zhai X, Huang Y, Khalid A, Malik A, Shah P, Karim S, Azhar S, Hou X.Acta Pol Pharm. 2015 Sep-Oct;72(5):981-5.

Therapeutic effect of high-dose green tea extract on weight reduction: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Chen IJ, Liu CY, Chiu JP, Hsu CH.Clin Nutr. 2016 Jun;35(3):592-9. doi: 10.1016/j.clnu.2015.05.003. Epub 2015 May 29.

A Comprehensive Scientific Overview of Garcinia Cambogia. Semwal RB, Semwal DK, Vermaak I, Viljoen A.Fitoterapia. 2015 Apr;102:134-48. doi: 10.1016/j.fitote.2015.02.012. Epub 2015 Feb 27. Review.

The anti-obesity effects of green tea in human intervention and basic molecular studies. Huang J, Wang Y, Xie Z, Zhou Y, Zhang Y, Wan X.Eur J Clin Nutr. 2014 Oct;68(10):1075-87. doi: 10.1038/ejcn.2014.143. Epub 2014 Jul 30. Review.

Systematic review and meta-analysis of the efficacy and safety of chromium supplementation in diabetes. Suksomboon N, Poolsup N, Yuwanakorn A.J Clin Pharm Ther. 2014 Jun;39(3):292-306. doi: 10.1111/jcpt.12147. Epub 2014 Mar 17. Review.

A systematic review of Gymnema sylvestre in obesity and diabetes management. Pothuraju R, Sharma RK, Chagalamarri J, Jangra S, Kumar Kavadi P.J Sci Food Agric. 2014 Mar 30;94(5):834-40. doi: 10.1002/jsfa.6458. Epub 2013 Nov 19. Review.

Anti-obesity effect of Gymnema sylvestre extract on high fat diet-induced obesity in Wistar rats. Kumar V, Bhandari U, Tripathi CD, Khanna G. Drug Res (Stuttg). 2013 Dec;63(12):625-32. doi: 10.1055/s-0033-1349852. Epub 2013 Jul 10.

The effects of green tea on weight loss and weight maintenance: a meta-analysis. Hursel R, Viechtbauer W, Westerterp-Plantenga MS.Int J Obes (Lond). 2009 Sep;33(9):956-61. doi: 10.1038/ijo.2009.135. Epub 2009 Jul 14. Review.

Chromium picolinate supplementation attenuates body weight gain and increases insulin sensitivity in subjects with type 2 diabetes: response to Martin et al. Mark DA.Diabetes Care. 2006 Dec;29(12):2764; author reply 2764-5. No abstract available.

OmegaHealth

Impact of Omega-3 Fatty Acids on the Gut Microbiota. Costantini L, Molinari R, Farinon B, Merendino  N.Int J Mol Sci. 2017 Dec 7;18(12). pii: E2645. doi: 10.3390/ijms18122645. Review.

Omega-3 Index and Anti-Arrhythmic Potential of Omega-3 PUFAs.Tribulova N, Szeiffova Bacova B, Egan Benova T, Knezl V, Barancik M, Slezak J. Nutrients. 2017 Oct 30;9(11). pii: E1191. doi: 10.3390/nu9111191. Review.

Therapeutic potential of omega-3 fatty acid-derived epoxyeicosanoids in cardiovascular and inflammatory diseases. Schunck WH, Konkel A, Fischer R, Weylandt KH.Pharmacol Ther. 2018 Mar;183:177-204. doi: 10.1016/j.pharmthera.2017.10.016. Epub 2017 Nov 7. Review.

The effect of omega-3 unsaturated fatty acids on non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: A systematic review and meta-analysis of RCTs.  L.Pak J Med Sci. 2017 Jul-Aug;33(4):1022-1028. doi: 10.12669/pjms.334.12315. Review.

Recommendations of the Spanish Menopause Society on the consumption of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids by postmenopausal women. Sánchez-Borrego R, von Schacky C, Osorio MJA, Llaneza P, Pinto X, Losa F, Navarro MC, Lubián D, Mendoza N.Maturitas. 2017 Sep;103:71-77. doi: 10.1016/j.maturitas.2017.06.028. Epub 2017 Jun 24.

Significance of long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in human health.  Zárate R, El Jaber-Vazdekis N, Tejera N, Pérez JA, Rodríguez C.Clin Transl Med. 2017 Dec;6(1):25. doi: 10.1186/s40169-017-0153-6. Epub 2017 Jul 27. Review.

Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids as a treatment strategy for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Jump DB, Lytle KA, Depner CM, Tripathy S. Pharmacol Ther. 2018 Jan;181:108-125. doi: 10.1016/j.pharmthera.2017.07.007. Epub 2017 Jul 16. Review.

Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids for cardiovascular diseases: present, past and future. Watanabe Y, Tatsuno I. Expert Rev Clin Pharmacol. 2017 Aug;10(8):865-873. doi: 10.1080/17512433.2017.1333902. Epub 2017 May 29. Review.

Impact of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids on vascular function and blood pressure: Relevance for cardiovascular outcomes. Colussi G, Catena C, Novello M, Bertin N, Sechi LA.Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2017 Mar;27(3):191-200. doi: 10.1016/j.numecd.2016.07.011. Epub 2016 Jul 26. Review.

The clinical relevance of omega-3 fatty acids in the management of hypertriglyceridemia. Backes J, Anzalone D, Hilleman D, Catini J. Lipids Health Dis. 2016 Jul 22;15(1):118. doi: 10.1186/s12944-016-0286-4. Review.

Fish-Derived Omega-3 Fatty Acids and Prostate Cancer: A Systematic Review. Aucoin M, Cooley K, Knee C, Fritz H, Balneaves LG, Breau R, Fergusson D, Skidmore B, Wong R, Seely D.Integr Cancer Ther. 2017 Mar;16(1):32-62. doi: 10.1177/1534735416656052. Epub 2016 Jun 29. Review.

Omega-3 Fatty Acids and Skeletal Muscle Health. Jeromson S, Gallagher IJ, Galloway SD, Hamilton DL. Mar Drugs. 2015 Nov 19;13(11):6977-7004. doi: 10.3390/md13116977. Review.

Omega-3 Fatty Acids in Early Prevention of Inflammatory Neurodegenerative Disease: A Focus on Alzheimer’s Disease. Thomas J, Thomas CJ, Radcliffe J, Itsiopoulos C.Biomed Res Int. 2015;2015:172801. doi: 10.1155/2015/172801. Epub 2015 Aug 2. Review.

Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in treating non-alcoholic steatohepatitis: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Nogueira MA, Oliveira CP, Ferreira Alves VA, Stefano JT, Rodrigues LS, Torrinhas RS, Cogliati B, Barbeiro H, Carrilho FJ, Waitzberg DL.Clin Nutr. 2016 Jun;35(3):578-86. doi: 10.1016/j.clnu.2015.05.001. Epub 2015 May 21.

Dietary fatty acids affect semen quality: a review. Esmaeili V, Shahverdi AH, Moghadasian MH, Alizadeh AR.Andrology. 2015 May;3(3):450-61. doi: 10.1111/andr.12024. Epub 2015 May 7. Review.

The role for dietary omega-3 fatty acids supplementation in older adults. Molfino A, Gioia G, Rossi Fanelli F, Muscaritoli M.Nutrients. 2014 Oct 3;6(10):4058-73. doi: 10.3390/nu6104058. Review.

Omega-3 essential fatty acids therapy for dry eye syndrome: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled studies. Liu A, Ji J.Med Sci Monit. 2014 Sep 6;20:1583-9. doi: 10.12659/MSM.891364.

Docosahexaenoic acid and human brain development: evidence that a dietary supply is needed for optimal development. Brenna JT, Carlson SE.J Hum Evol. 2014 Dec;77:99-106. doi: 10.1016/j.jhevol.2014.02.017. Epub 2014 Apr 26.

Omega-3 free fatty acids for the treatment of severe hypertriglyceridemia: the EpanoVa fOr Lowering Very high triglyceridEs (EVOLVE) trial. Kastelein JJ, Maki KC, Susekov A, Ezhov M, Nordestgaard BG, Machielse BN, Kling D, Davidson MH.J Clin Lipidol. 2014 Jan-Feb;8(1):94-106. doi: 10.1016/j.jacl.2013.10.003. Epub 2013 Oct 14.

Oxidation of marine omega-3 supplements and human health. Albert BB, Cameron-Smith D, Hofman PL, Cutfield WS.Biomed Res Int. 2013;2013:464921. doi: 10.1155/2013/464921. Epub 2013 Apr 30. Review

Reference Centile Curves for Body Fat Percentage, Fat-free Mass, Muscle Mass and Bone Mass Measured by Bioelectrical Impedance in Asian Indian Children and Adolescents. Chiplonkar S, Kajale N, Ekbote V, Mandlik R, Parthasarathy L, Borade A, Patel P, Patel P, Khadilkar V, Khadilkar A.Indian Pediatr. 2017 Dec 15;54(12):1005-1011. Epub 2017 Sep 26.

Bioelectrical Impedance for Analysis of Body Composition

Cornerstone partners with the company Stayhealthy, such that studies pertaining to the Cornerstone BC IV are applicable to the Stayhealthy BC 1  and the predecessor to the Cornerstone ACT I was the Stayhealthy RT-3.

The Stayhealthy bioelectrical impedance analyzer predicts body fat in children and adults. Erceg DN, Dieli-Conwright CM, Rossuello AE, Jensky NE, Sun S, Schroeder ET. Nutr Res. 2010 May;30(5):297-304. doi: 10.1016/j.nutres.2010.04.009

Reference Centile Curves for Body Fat Percentage, Fat-free Mass, Muscle Mass and Bone Mass Measured by Bioelectrical Impedance in Asian Indian Children and Adolescents. Chiplonkar S, Kajale N, Ekbote V, Mandlik R, Parthasarathy L, Borade A, Patel P, Patel P, Khadilkar V, Khadilkar A.   Indian Pediatr. 2017 Dec 15;54(12):1005-1011. Epub 2017 Sep 26.

Bioelectrical impedance analysis for diagnosing sarcopenia and cachexia: what are we really estimating? Gonzalez MC, Heymsfield SB.J Cachexia Sarcopenia Muscle. 2017 Apr;8(2):187-189. doi: 10.1002/jcsm.12159. Epub 2017 Jan 31.

Critical factors and their impact on bioelectrical impedance analysis in children: a review. Brantlov S, Ward LC, Jødal L, Rittig S, Lange A.J Med Eng Technol. 2017 Jan;41(1):22-35. Epub 2016 Sep 20. Review.

Measurement of lean body mass using bioelectrical impedance analysis: a consideration of the pros and cons. Sergi G, De Rui M, Stubbs B, Veronese N, Manzato E.Aging Clin Exp Res. 2017 Aug;29(4): 591-597. doi: 10.1007/s40520-016-0622-6. Epub 2016 Aug 27. Review.

Measuring body composition in dogs using multifrequency bioelectrical impedance analysis and dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. Rae LS, Vankan DM, Rand JS, Flickinger EA, Ward LC.Vet J. 2016 Jun;212:65-70. doi: 10.1016/j.tvjl.2016.04.007. Epub 2016 Apr 14.

Safety of Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis in Patients Equipped With Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators. Meyer P, Makhlouf AM, Mondouagne Engkolo LP, Trentaz F, Thibault R, Pichard C, Burri H.JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2017 Aug;41(6):981-985. doi: 10.1177/0148607116633823. Epub 2016 Feb 22.

Assessment of body composition in subjects with metabolic syndrome comparing single- frequency bioelectrical impedance analysis and bioelectrical spectroscopy. Cloetens L, Johansson-Persson A, Helgegren H, Landin-Olsson M, Uusitupa M, Åkesson B, Önning G.Metab Syndr Relat Disord. 2015 Mar;13(2):91-8. doi: 10.1089/met.2014.0130. Epub 2014 Dec 29.

Bioelectrical impedance analysis. Ward LC, Müller MJ.Eur J Clin Nutr. 2013 Jan;67 Suppl 1:S1. doi: 10.1038/ejcn.2012.148.

Impact of eating and drinking on body composition measurements by bioelectrical impedance. Androutsos O, Gerasimidis K, Karanikolou A, Reilly JJ, Edwards CA. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2015 Apr;28(2):165-71. doi: 10.1111/jhn.12259. Epub 2014 Aug 26.

Limitations and validation of bioelectrical impedance analysis in morbidly obese patients. Coppini LZ, Waitzberg DL, Campos AC.Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. 2005 May;8(3):329-32.

Bioelectrical impedance analysis in clinical practice: a new perspective on its use beyond body composition equations. Barbosa-Silva MC, Barros AJ. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. 2005 May;8(3):311-7. Review.

Why bioelectrical impedance analysis should be used for estimating adiposity. Houtkooper LB, Lohman TG, Going SB, Howell WH.Am J Clin Nutr. 1996 Sep;64(3 Suppl):436S-448S. doi: 10.1093/ajcn/64.3.436S. Review.